Gin is a Spirit which is distilled from cereals and flavored with juniper berries and coriander seeds. The main gin producing countries are England, Holland, Canada and the USA.
Gin originated over three centuries ago in Holland when Francisus de la Boe, professor of medicine at Holland’s University of Leyden, mixed juniper berry and alcohol to cure kidney complaints. The word gin is an abbreviation derived either from the French word genièvre or the Dutch junever both meaning juniper berry.
In the eighteenth century, gin was a cheap remedy for London’s poor and that time, there was absolutely no control over the production of gin. It was produced all over London.
It was projected that one in every four houses in London was making gin and at one time London was thought to have more than 7000 gin places. The menace of gin was controlled to some extant by the government taxes and licensing laws for distilling.
The introduction of coffey still (continuous still) method in 1831 gave scope for the production of better quality gin and the inferior quality gin slowly faded away. Over the years, it became more respectable to drink gin, although it is considered as Mother’s ruin because the juniper berry is thought to induce abortion. Today gin is the national drink of England.
Types of Gin :-
There are two main types of gin based on the methods of making. There are following:-
- Dutch gin or Holland gin :- It is distilled twice in pot stills, with juniper berries and other aromatics included in second distillation.
- London dry gin :- Distilled first in patent still, and then in pot still with the addition of juniper berries and other aromatics.