Classification of Spanish Wine

Classification of Spanish Wine


Spain is the third largest wine producer in the world and has the largest land area dedicated to vineyards than any other country. Earlier it was known for ‘Sherry‘ and red wine from Rioja, outside Spain. Sparkling wines made in Spain using méthode champenoise named Cava. Traditionally Spanish wines were oak aged for long periods but today the wine producers use temperature controlled stainless steel containers with no or little oak ageing to get lighter fruity wines. It is an affordable substitute for expensive wines of France and other countries.


Spanish wine classification is based on French appellation system, which not only identifies the specific area of production and the grapes used but also the minimum ageing period which is applied to all Spanish wines. Spanish wines are classified as follows :-

  1. Vino de Mesa.
  2. Vino de la Tierra.
  3. Denominacíon de Origen.
  4. Vino joven or sin crianza.
  5. Crianza.
  6. Reserva.
  7. Gran reserva.


  1. Rioja.
  2. Rioja Alta.
  3. Rioja Alavesa.
  4. Rioja Baja.
  5. Crianza.
  6. Reserva.
  7. Gran Reserva.
  8. Penedés.
  9. Priorato.
  10. Costers del Sagre.
  11. Ribera del Duero.
  12. Rueda.
  13. Galacia.
  14. Ribeira.
  15. Rias Baixas.
  16. La Mancha.
  17. Valdepeñas.
  18. Valencia.
  19. Montilla Moriles.
  20. Navarra.
  21. Alella.
  22. Jerez.
  23. Malaga.


Following are the terms used on Spanish wine labels :-

  1. Abocado.
  2. Clarete.
  3. Brut.
  4. Brut nature.
  5. Dulce.
  6. Seco.
  7. Semi seco.
  8. Elaborado por.
  9. Generoso.
  10. Granvas.
  11. Joven.
  12. Rancio.
  13. Vino.
  14. Tinto.
  15. Rosado.
  16. Vino gasificado.
  17. Cava.
  18. CVC.
  19. Sin cosecha.
  20. Espumsos.
  21. Aguja.
  22. Very dry.
  23. Dry.
  24. Light.
  25. Sweet.
  26. Bottled by.
  27. Young.
  28. Wine.
  29. Red.
  30. Pink Rosé.
  31. Non-vintage.
  32. Sparkling.
  33. Young wine with a prickling sensation.

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