german wine

German Wine – Types and Labels


German Wine– The wine-producing areas of Germany is located in the southern and western parts of the country, alongside the banks of many streams that flow into the river Rhine. The German winemaker has no other option but to add sugar to the must during fermentation to produce alcohol. Germany is known for excellent white wines. The chief quality of the German wines is their balance. They have just enough amount of acid to heighten the sweetness and aroma and leave the spicy finish. Hocks and Moselles are the two main types of white wine produced. Hock wines are bottled in brown-colored bottles while the Moselle wines are bottled in green-colored bottles.


Wine law of Germany classifies its wines into two broad categories. They are:-

  1. Table wine
  2. Quality wine


It is ordinary everyday drinking wine. It is further classified into Deutscher Tafelwein and Tafelwein.

  • Deutscher Tafelwein:- It is an ordinary table wine made exclusively from the grapes produced in Germany. The name of the district (Bereich) or village may be mentioned on the label.
  • Tafelwein:- It is a German wine blended with wines imported from other countries in the European Economic Community (EEC).


It must originate in one of the 11 authorized regions and must be made from the approved grape varieties, grown in approved vineyards. Wines from a collection of vineyards of a district may be blended, provided they all are of equivalent quality.

The following are the 11 authorized regions

  • Mosel-Saar-Ruwer
  • Rheinhessen
  • Baden
  • Mittelrhein
  • Rheingau
  • Rheingau
  • Rheinpfalz
  • Ahr
  • Franken
  • Nahe
  • Hessische-Bergstrasse
  • Württemberg

Quality wines are further classified into two types

  1. Qualitätswein bestimmer Anbaugebiete.
  2. Qualitätswein mit prädikat.


The German wine label provides the following information to the consumer:-

  1. The area of production.
  2. The quality classification.
  3. The vintage year.
  4. The vineyard or group of vineyards.
  5. The name and address of the shipper.
  6. The name of the grape used in the making of wine.
  7. In the case of prädikat wines, the style.
  8. The brand name.
  9. The AP number.


Germany is known for excellent white wines. Hocks and Moselles are the two main types of German white wines, well known all over the world. Hock wines are produced near the Rhine, while Moselles are produced near the river Moselle and its tributaries, Saar and Ruwer. Hock wines are bottled in brown-colored bottles while the Moselle wines in green-colored bottles.

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Author:- Dipayan

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