Spain is the third-largest wine producer in the world and has the largest land area dedicated to vineyards than any other country. Some new Spanish winemakers employ modern technology and introduce classic grape varieties along with native grapes, to have a wide range of wines.
Traditionally, Spanish wines were oak-aged for long periods but today the wine producers use temperature-controlled stainless steel containers with no or little oak aging to get lighter fruity wines. It is an affordable substitute for expensive wines from France and other countries.
Types of Spanish Wine
Spanish Wine classification is based on the French appellation system, which not only identifies the specific area of production and the grapes used but also the minimum aging period which is applied to all Spanish wines.
Best Spanish wines are as following:
- Vino de Mesa
- Denominacíon de Origen
- Vino de la Tierra
- Vino Joven or sin Crianz
- Gran Reserva
Spanish Wine Regions
There are many demarcated areas for winemaking. The following are some of the well-known wine-producing areas of Spain,
- Rioja Alta
- Rioja Alavesa
- Rioja Baja
- Gran Reserva
- Costers del Segre
- Ribera del Duero
- Rias Baixas
- La Mancha
Lable Language of Spanish Wine
Following are the terms used on Spanish wine labels:
- Brut Nature.
- Semi Seco.
- Elaborado Por.
- Vino Gasificado.
- Sin Cosecha.
- Very dry.
- Bottled by.
- Pink Rosé.
- A young wine with a prickling sensation.
Portuguese Wine / Portugal Wine
Portugal is best known for its Fortified wines, Port. Apart from Port, it is also known for its Pink and Rose, Lancers, and Vinho Verde.
The Methuen Treaty of 1703 popularized Portuguese wines in the UK. Traditionally, Portuguese wines are made using native grapes, and the wine is aged in wood for a long time.
However, in modern days, big wine firms are experimenting with new styles of wines by introducing different blends of grapes, cool fermentation, and different wood and length of time for Aging. Most of Portugal’s vineyards are under the control of the cooperatives.
Wine Regions of Portugal
Spain is the third-largest wine producer in the world having more acres of vineyards than any other country. It is known for its sherry and red wine from Rioja.
The wines are classified according to the French system and there is a legal minimum requirement of aging for different styles for all Spanish wines.
Portugal is known for its Pink and Pétillant Mateus Rosé, Lancers and Vinho Verde, Other than Port. Most of the vineyards are under the control of cooperatives.
Spanish wine and Portuguese wines are made traditionally using native grapes and aged in wood for a long time. There are many traditional winemakers who still believe in the traditional method of making wine.
Spanish table wines are well known in the global market compared to Portuguese wines. The Wines of Spain and Wines of Portugal are affordable and many of them are excellent.
- Also read: What are the 3 Classification of Wine