types of breakfast

4 Types of Breakfast in Hotel Industry

What is Breakfast

Breakfast is the first meal of the entire day. It should be fresh and filled with high calories. It is served between 7-10 A.M. Breakfast is widely referred to as the most important meal of the day.

Types of Breakfast in Hotel

These are the different breakfast services served in hotels:

  1. Continental Breakfast
  2. American Breakfast
  3. English Breakfast
  4. House Breakfast

This entire list of food and beverages is always popular in American breakfast. So in the USA, breakfasts are mostly Cereal based dishes or Egg-based dishes.

Pancakes, Toast, and the varieties of full breakfast and Continental breakfast are prevalent. So, one thing you should notice in all these breakfasts is, every breakfast meal is a high-calorie breakfast meal. This is the main thing in the USA breakfast.

1. Continental Breakfast

A Continental breakfast is a very light morning breakfast. This type of breakfast is usually served in a buffet and is also designed by European breakfast. This breakfast service basically focuses on foods that can easily be stocked.

This term refers to the Continent of Europe and this breakfast is usually enjoyed in European cultures. Continental breakfast term first came in 1896. And in the 1800s the main focus is on high-calorie breakfast to start the entire day.

And at the same period of time so many European travelers were coming to America and staying in Hotels. So that time the Hotel was responsible for light breakfast with high calories on their menu, which their European customers would appreciate.

In this breakfast type foods are very high caloric. So the menus are Baked Tomatoes, Omelette, Soymilk, Donuts, Orange juice, Fruits, etc.

Continental Breakfast Covers

Following are the items used for Continental breakfast cover and their positions:

1. Side plate with side knife: In the center of the cover. Side knife over the underplate towards the right with cutting edge facing the left-hand side.

2. Napkin: On the side plate, under the side knife.

3. Breakfast cup and saucer: To the right-hand side of the cover, the handle of the cup towards the right, slightly angled at 4 o’clock position from the guest’s view for convenience in handling, teaspoon on the saucer with spoon handle towards the right.

The Table accompaniments are:

  • Bud vase.
  • Preserve dish on an underliner with preserves spoon.
  • Sugar bowl with sugar cubes and tongs (if granulated sugar is being used, then provide teaspoon).
  • Table number.

Points that you should note that:

  • Preserves come in disposable containers of different portion sizes.
  • Some hotels use sachets of sugar/low-calorie sugar in place of sugar cubes.
  • Water glass may or may not be placed depending on the policy of the establishment.
  • The butter dish is not placed beforehand while laying the cover. It is placed at the time of service.

2. American Breakfast

American breakfast is a breakfast that is not too light and not too heavy. In this breakfast type, Coffee is the most preferred beverage. Chilled water is served before breakfast. It includes fresh fruits and juice, breakfast cereals, eggs to order, waffles/pancakes served with syrup and honey.

American Breakfast Covers

The following items are required to lay American breakfast cover:

  • Side plate with side knife.
  • Large knife and fork.
  • Dessert spoon and fork.
  • Breakfast cup and saucer with a teaspoon.
  • Napkin.
  • Water goblet/glass.

The table accompaniments required are:

  • Bud vase.
  • Preserve dish on an underliner with preserves spoon.
  • Sugar bowl with sugar cubes.
  • Cruet.
  • Table number.

American Breakfast Menu

  • Fruit juice.
  • Fresh fruits.
  • Breakfast cereals.
  • Eggs to order.
  • Ham/steak/sausages.
  • Grilled Tomatoes/mushroom/potatoes.
  • Pancakes/waffles with syrup and honey.
  • Breakfast rolls/bread/toast/muffins.
  • Butter/preserves.
  • Coffee/Tea.

American Breakfast Beverages

  • Tea.
  • Coffee.
  • Orange juice.
  • Tomato juice.
  • Milk.
  • Protein shake.
  • Soymilk.
  • Hot chocolate.
  • Protein shake.

Other American Breakfast Foods

  • Dutch baby.
  • Cornmeal mush.
  • Chicken and Waffles.
  • Brown Bobby.
  • Creamed eggs on toast.
  • Beignet.

3. English Breakfast

English breakfast is a heavy breakfast. This breakfast service type is usually served in the UK and Ireland. It comes from different regional variants with different names depending on the area.

Today’s guests are more health-conscious, and most prefer salt-free, low-calorie, and high fiber food. To meet their expectations, the following items may be provided,

  • Sodium-free/low cholesterol butter.
  • Preserve with no added sugar.
  • Boiled vegetables
  • Decaffeinated coffee
  • Wholewheat/multigrain bread.
  • Skimmed milk.
  • Fresh fruits.

Grilled mushroom/potatoes/tomatoes/and baked beans in tomato sauce are served with the main dish. Though the English breakfast is a little bit heavy usually, limited dishes are preferred by the guests.

English Breakfast Cover

Following items used for English breakfast cover and their positions:

1. Side plate with Side knife: Left-hand side of the cover. Side knife over the underplate with cutting edge facing left-hand side.

2. Napkin: On the side plate, under the side knife, or in the center of the cover.

3. Fish knife and fork: Knife to the right and fork to the left of the cover.

4. Large knife and fork: Knife to the right and fork to the left of the cover.

5. Dessert spoon and fork: Top of the cover, dessert spoon on the top with the handle towards the right and the fork down with spoon handle towards left.

English Breakfast Menu

1. Fruit juices: Fresh or canned juices – Orange, Pineapple, Grapefruit.

2. Stewed fruits: Apples, Prunes, Figs, Guava, Apricot, Fruit, Compôte.

3. Breakfast cereal: Cornflakes, Wheat flakes, Oats, Muesli, and Porridge.

4. Eggs: Omelette, fried, poached, scrambled, boiled.

5. Fish: Kippers, Bloaters, Smoked haddock, Fried Fish, Kedgeree.

6. Meat: Ham, Sausages, Bacon, Salami, Liver, Kidney.

7. Bread: Breakfast rolls/toast/bread.

8. Beverages: Coffee/tea/chocolate, tisanes.

4. House Breakfast

House breakfast is the breakfast menu of the establishment available at a set price which is named after the hotel. English breakfast may include fruit juice, breakfast cereals, eggs to order, breakfast rolls with butter, and preserves or some items from English breakfast, along with national/regional dishes according to the place.

For example, A hotel in Canada where mostly Indian guests stay will have more Indian dishes and a hotel in India. More Malaysian guests will have more Malaysian dishes in their house breakfast menu.

House Breakfast Cover

Following items are required to lay the cover for house breakfast:

  • Side plate with side knife.
  • Dessert spoon and fork.
  • Napkin.
  • Large knife and fork.
  • Breakfast cup and saucer with a teaspoon.
  • Water goblet/glass.

The table accompaniments required are:

  • Bud vase.
  • Sugar bowl with sugar cubes.
  • Table number.
  • Preserve dish on an underliner with preserves spoon.
  • Cruet.

The position of items is similar to all-purpose breakfast cover laying. Table accompaniments for all covers are kept at the middle of the table, in a line. Bud vase should be in the center.

Popular Breakfast Menu List in Five Star Hotel

  • Bacon.
  • Egg.
  • Cheese Sandwich.
  • Biscuit.
  • Bread pudding.
  • Doughnut
  • Muffins.
  • Breakfast Cereals.
  • Sausages.
  • Danish pastry.
  • Egg Sandwich.
  • Egg Benedict.
  • Fried eggs.
  • French toast.
  • Pancake.
  • Omelette.
  • Raisin bread.
  • Strudel.
  • Tart.
  • Yogurt.
  • Granola.
  • Grits.
  • Ham.
  • Hash brown.
  • Kolache.
  • Muesli.
  • Monkey bread.
  • Poached egg.
  • Scone.
  • Orange.
  • Protein bar.
  • Soya Milk.
  • Oatmeal.
  • Grits.

Some Toppings are:

  • Compôte.
  • Hot sauce.
  • Butter.
  • Honey.
  • Jam and Jelly.
  • Maple syrup.
  • Salsa.
  • Powdered sugar.
  • Nutella.
  • Marmalade.
  • Margarine.

Breakfast Service in a Five Star Hotel

In a 5-star hotel, guests prefer eating customary dishes during breakfast and it is mostly taken by residential guests of a hotel. Breakfast usually consists of foods that are high in energy content.

Hotels offer complimentary breakfast to residential guests who stay under the Continental plan, American plan, or modified American plan. Depending on the policy of the hotel, during check-in.

Guests who are eligible for complimentary breakfast are either given breakfast coupons for the number of days they intend to stay or are given breakfast coupons for the number of days they intend to stay or are given coupons every day.

The coupons issued at the time of check-in are collected in the restaurant at the beginning of the service. These coupons are analyzed against the room occupancy list at the end of service to know how many residential guests took breakfast and how many of them did not.

Excess of breakfast covers over the coupons collected represent the non-residential breakfast guest. If coupons are not given and verify this against the rooming list.

If the guest is not eligible for complimentary breakfast, the bill as per actuals is raised, a signature is taken, and the bill is sent to the front office for charging to the guests’ account.

Breakfast is served mainly in two places in the hotel:

  1. Hotel Restaurant.
  2. Hotel Rooms.

Hotels that offer free breakfast to residents, serve breakfast in the restaurant through a buffet with a wide range of selections. All breakfast menus are usually at a set price, however, a la carte breakfast menus are also available.

So, Among all of the meals, the breakfast service in a hotel poses a great challenge to the service brigade and needs special attention. It should be organized effectively and served without delay as guests arrive continuously for breakfast and all of them want quick service.

Buffet can be done with a minimum number of service staff. Dishes should be replenished quickly to avoid formation due to sickness.

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