DEFINITION OF WINE
Wine is an alcoholic beverage obtained from the fermented juice of freshly harvested grapes. It is prepared from both white and black grapes. The color, flavor, and aroma of the wine are largely influenced by the type of grapes used in the production. The various types of wine discussed below.
TYPES OF WINE
The color of red wine ranges from purple when young and to brick red as it ages. It is produced from red grapes. The coloring pigments present in the skin give color to the wine.
This wine is light pink in color which is produced from the mixture of white and red grapes or only from red grapes. It takes about 24 to 36 hours depending on the intensity of the rose color required. Once the required color is obtained the skin is removed. It is legally permitted in some countries to blend a small quantity of red with white wine.
It is the new style of rosé wine developed in California, USA. Skins of black grapes are allowed to macerate with the must for a very short period which produces a very light pink colored wine.
It is a kind of wine obtained by the natural fermentation process without adding anything else. The alcoholic content is 10 to 14 percent abv. Cabernet Sauvignon is one of the most popular table wines.
It is produced when all the sugar is converted to alcohol.
It is obtained when there is some sugar left after fermentation, stopped naturally or intentionally by the manufacturer.
These are the wines bottled with the carbon dioxide produced during fermentation. The alcoholic percentage is between 10 and 13 percent.
The alcoholic strength of the wine is increased with the addition of brandy either during or at the end of the fermentation. The alcoholic strength of the fortified wines ranges from 16 to 22 percent abv. This type of wine is also termed as heavy wine. Example:- Sherry, Port, Madeira and Marsala.
These wines are fortified and automatized with herbs, bark, spices, roots, etc. The alcoholic content is 14 to 20 percent abv. Vermouth is the most popular automatized wine.
This wine has health improvements added to it.
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