- What is Wine
- What are the Types of Wine
- Different Wine Regions
What is Wine
Wine is an alcoholic beverage obtained from the fermented juice of freshly harvested grapes. It is prepared from both white and black grapes. The color, flavor, and aroma of the wine are largely influenced by the type of grapes which are used in the production process.
What are the Types of Wine
Here is the list of various wine types:
1. Red Wine
Red wine is produced by being fermented in contact with grape skins from which the wine gets its color. Normally dry wines.
2. Rose Wine
Rose wine can be made in three ways from black grapes fermented on the skins for up to 48 hours, by mixing red and white wine together, or by pressing grapes so that some color is extracted. Rose wine may be dry or semi-sweet. Rosé wines are called blush wines in the USA when made wholly from red grapes.
3. Blush Wine
Blush wine is the new style of rosé wine developed in California, USA. Skins of black grapes are allowed to macerate with the must for a very short period which produces a very light pink colored wine.
4. Still Wine
Still wine is a kind of wine obtained by the natural fermentation process without adding anything else. The alcoholic content is 10 to 14 percent abv. Cabernet Sauvignon is one of the most popular still wines.
5. Dry Wine
Dry wine is produced when all the sugar is converted to alcohol.
6. Sweet Wine
Sweet wine is obtained when there is some sugar left after fermentation, stopped naturally or intentionally by the manufacturer.
7. Sparkling Wine
Sparkling wines are available in France, Spain, Itali (Prosecco), Germany (Sekt), and many other countries. The most famous sparkling wine is Champagne, which is made in an area of north-eastern France. It is created by the secondary fermentation in the bottle. Effervescent wines made outside this area are called Vins Mousseux.
8. Fortified Wine
The alcoholic strength of the fortified wine is increased with the addition of brandy either during or at the end of the fermentation. The alcoholic strength of the fortified wines ranges from 16 to 22 percent abv. This type of wine is also termed heavy wine.
For example, Sherry, Port, Madeira, and Marsala.
9. Aromatized Wine
Aromatized wines are fortified and aromatized with herbs, bark, spices, roots, etc. The alcoholic content of this wine is 14 to 20 percent abv. Vermouth is the example of the most popular aromatized wine.
10. Tonic Wine
This wine has health improvements added to it.
Different Wine Regions
Itali, USA, Portugal, Argentina, Australia, and the United Kingdom.
Wine Regions of Italy
Veneto, Tuscany, Piedmont, Emilia Romagna, Lombardy, Umbria, Trentino Alto.
Wine Regions of USA
California, Washington, New York state, Virginia, Pennsylvania.
Wine Regions of Portugal
Vinho Verde, Porto, and the Douro, Interior, Lisboa, Tejo, Algarve, Madeira.
Wine Regions of Australia
Yarra Valley, Victoria, Hunter Valley, South Wales, Western Australia, Coonawarra, and South Australia.
Wine Regions of France
Alsace, Bordeaux, Burgundy, Jura, Languedoc.
** Pinot noir has the highest antioxidant and it is the Healthiest Red Wine.
** California is the biggest producer of Wine in the States producing around 90% of the Country’s total output.
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