Types of wine

Different Types of Wine

Definition of Wine

Wine is an alcoholic beverage obtained from the fermented juice of freshly harvested grapes. It is prepared from both white and black grapes. The color, flavor, and aroma of the wine are largely influenced by the type of grapes used in the production.

What are the Types of Wine

Here is the list of various wine types:

1. Red wine:

red wine bottle and glass

Red wine produced by being fermented in contact with grape skins from which the wine gets its color. Normally dry wines.

2. Rosé wine:

 
 

rose wine glass

This wine can be made in three ways from black grapes fermented on the skins for up to 48 hours, by mixing red and white wine together, or by pressing grapes so that some color is extracted. Rosé wine may be dry or semi-sweet. Rosé wines are called blush wines in the USA when made wholly from red grapes.

3. Blush wine:

Blush wine glass

It is the new style of rosé wine developed in California, USA. Skins of black grapes are allowed to macerate with the must for a very short period which produces a very light pink colored wine.

4. Still wine:

bottle of still wine

 

It is a kind of wine obtained by the natural fermentation process without adding anything else. The alcoholic content is 10 to 14 percent abv. Cabernet Sauvignon is one of the most popular table wines.

5. Dry wine:

Different Types of Wine

It is produced when all the sugar is converted to alcohol.

6. Sweet Wine:

sweet wine bottle

It is obtained when there is some sugar left after fermentation, stopped naturally or intentionally by the manufacturer.

 

7. Sparkling wine:

Different Types of Wine

These are the wines available from France, Spain, Itali (Prosecco), Germany (Sekt), and many other countries. The most famous sparkling wine is Champagne, which is made in an area of north-eastern France.

It is created by the secondary fermentation in the bottle. Effervescent wines made outside this area are called Vins Mousseux or Sparkling wines.

 

8. Fortified wine:

fortified wine bottle

The alcoholic strength of the wine is increased with the addition of brandy either during or at the end of the fermentation. The alcoholic strength of the fortified wines ranges from 16 to 22 percent abv. This type of wine is also termed heavy wine.

For Example, Sherry, Port, Madeira, and Marsala.

9. Automatized wine:

automatized wine bottle

These wines are fortified and automatized with herbs, bark, spices, roots, etc. The alcoholic content is 14 to 20 percent abv. Vermouth is the most popular automatized wine.

 

10. Tonic wine:

Tonic wine bottle

This wine has health improvements added to it.

To know more about wine check out the “wine category list“.